The archaeological complex of Ollantaytambo
Ollantaytambo was the old Inca administrative center and it was also the gateway to one of the 4 Suyos, the Antisuyo, located at the end of the Sacred Valley. When Spain invaded and conquered Peru, Ollantaytambo was the last strong god of the Inca Mancos Yupanki of the Inca Resistance. At this time, the town of Ollantaytambo ruins is a tourist attraction. There is a fortress on the outskirts of a small town called Temple Hills in Ollantaytambo.
History of Ollantaytambo
In the 15th century, the Inca Pachacutec began the construction of Ollantaytambo again, thus building the terraces that were multi-purpose, such as forming an irrigation system. These terraces look like temple hills. This small town is related to the Inca nobles. After his death, the town automatically fell into the hands of Inca Mancos. Inca Mancos used Ollantaytambo as a hiding place for the Spaniard’s offense. The town fortress was specially built for the purpose of war, and it was one of the only fortresses that successfully fought against the conquerors. The Incas managed to stop and decided to defeat the Spaniards. In this war, the Spaniards failed miserably. After that, Inca Mancos withdrew in the direction of the Vilcabamba jungle because he knew that the Spanish would enter by force later.
Ollantaytambo is a small town in southern Peru, about 72 kilometers from the northwest highway of Cusco. It is located at 2,792 meters above sea level in Ollantaytambo District, Urubamba Province, Cusco Region. Due to the location of Ollantaytambo, the highest temperature throughout the year is 18′ to 23’C, and the lowest temperature is 11′ to 5’C. The weather is pleasant from April to December, while it is rainy in January, February and March.
Places to visit
Ollantaytambo is a very beautiful tourist attraction because of its location. There are many places to visit (Inca quarries, Choqana, Naupa Iglesias, etc.). Some of the beautiful attractions include the archaeological park Ollantaytambo, which is a great place to go to Machu Picchu and experience the Inca beliefs, skills, etc. before exploring. Pinkuylluna Mountain Granaries is an opportunity to hike independently, you can see the Inca granary on the hillside overlooking Ollantaytambo Ruins. The ruins of Purmamarca are spectacular and worth a hike in them with beautiful views of the mountains and ruins.
Battle of Ollantaytambo
During the Spanish conquest of Peru, the Battle of Ollantaytambo took place in January 1537 between the army of the Inca monarch Mancos Inca and the Spanish expedition led by Hernando Pizarro. In 1537, Manco Inca Yupanqui (the leader of the Inca Resistance) withdrew to Ollantaytambo after the heavy defeat at Sacsayhuaman. Francisco Pizarro’s half-brother Hernando Pizarro led a team of cavalry and infantry to Ollantaytambo in an attempt to capture Mano Inca Yupanki. On the high platform, Mancos Inca’s men threw arrows, spears and stones at the oncoming Spaniards, preventing them from climbing the castle. Manco Inca use the channels he had prepared for the battle to flood the plain that was below the fortress with a very intelligent combat strategy. The Spaniards were forced to retreat because their horses were unable to advance, and were then pursued by tens of thousands of Manco Inca fighters.
The Archaeological Site
One of the largest archaeological complexes in Inca society, often called “fortresses” due to its huge walls, is a carefully positioned “Tambo” or urban property designed to dominate and protect the sacred valley. The architecture used, as well as the quality of the stones and the individual processing methods make Ollantaytambo a surprisingly unique piece of Inca art, especially the “Temple of the Sun”.
Today’s straight, small, and quaint streets are fifteen residential blocks north of the main populated square, a true historical heritage. Some colonial-style houses were built on the carefully polished Inca walls. The stone has a bright tone with a deep pink petrified color. A huge double-row perfect edge block fits his fifteen angled earth stars in the main square.
Ollantaytambo the Present Town
The settlement is divided into rectangular blocks with a well-designed geometric system, giving the impression that it was built by a modern architect. The winding streets lead to the Urubamba River. Each block consists of a group of houses connected to the central terrace by a door. Since the Inca era, there have been densely populated streets. Walking down the street, you can see the fascinating scenery. People wear beautiful traditional costumes and colorful hats. Walking in the town, you will be exposed to a rich and diverse life culture, you will never forget.
Cachicata in the Sacred Valley is a small village. The ancient people in this area grew grains, potatoes, barley, potatoes and corn. The famous Cachiccata Cachiccata quarry, located near the settlement, provided the pink granite stones used to build the fortress of Ollantaytambo. Walk through the archaeological site of Intiwatana, and then admire the magnificent view of the mountains and the famous Inca god Veronica (snow peak), leaving beautiful memories for the rest of your life.
Ollantaytambo – A mystery
This is all about the wonderful town of real and fiction. One thing that can be claimed with certainty is that almost no information about the town itself is available. Ollantaytambo is a charming place full of mystery.
What to expect?
Ollantaytambo is easy to reach from Cusco, you can enjoy the beautiful view of the surrounding mountains in the area, and you can follow the Machu Picchu tour well. Small, well-preserved Inca houses can still be found in the current city. You can also enjoy beautiful views of the mountains and surrounding areas from here.
How to get to Ollantaytambo?
It is not at all surprising that this is a beautiful city, with impressive Inca architecture that is considered a work of art. There are several routes that go to the archaeological complex of Ollantaytambo, some of which are La Ruta Pisac, La Ruta Chinchero, etc.
If you are a mystery lover, then Ollantaytambo is your best choice!